Curriculum Overview

St George’s C.E. Primary School Curriculum 2017

The curriculum for Primary Schools is statutory from September 2017 for Years 1, 3, 4 and 5. Year 2 and Year 6 will be tested in 2017 on the content of the present literacy and numeracy curriculum requirements. St George’s will be following the 2017 requirements in all subjects across all year groups, which will ensure that both cohorts are well prepared for national assessments next year.

The content requirements for each subject have been laid out by the Government. The emphasis is moving to a content based curriculum, where the expectation is that the children acquire factual knowledge and understanding as well as skills, especially in history, geography and science.

To support us in our delivery of new content matter, we have purchased a scheme of work called The Learning Curriculum Challenge. This scheme of work was selected because it gives full coverage of the new curriculum content and closely mirrors the topic approach we have been using over the past 4 years. The rationale behind this approach is that reading, writing, oracy and mathematics are embedded across the curriculum. History, geography and science drive the curriculum and art, DT, music and dance enhance it. P.E. and R.E. are both taught discreetly.


The English curriculum comprises of 3 sections, reading, writing and oracy. The content and coverage for each year group is laid out in detail in the National Curriculum Documentation.


The early teaching of reading focuses heavily on the teaching of phonics to decode words. At St George’s we follow the pure sounds approach in phonics. Children will use phonic reading books and Oxford Reading Tree to reinforce their learning. Please note children will not automatically progress to the next book and may be asked to reread a book to encourage fluency. However we will continue to use other reading strategies and reading books at St George’s.

Reading in Key Stage 1 will focus on the understanding of texts. This will include being able to answer literal questions about the text and children will start to explore what the author is trying to say (inference).

By the time they reach Key Stage 2 most children will be able to decode unknown texts and be able to answer questions relating to it. Teaching in Key Stage 2 focuses on developing the comprehension skills of inference and deduction, understanding authorial intent and why authors use particular words or phrases.

Throughout school we aim to inspire children with a variety of great novels and develop in them a lifelong love of reading for pleasure. There will also be a greater emphasis on the reading and reciting of classic and modern poetry.


The focus in writing is two dimensional. Firstly we need to equip our children with the tools to write, i.e. the knowledge and understanding of correct grammar, punctuation, spelling and handwriting. Secondly the ability to compose, structure and articulate their ideas both in writing and orally.

The content for the teaching of grammar, spelling and punctuation is statutory and is laid out in detail for each year group in the Appendices of the National Curriculum documentation. At St. George’s we have created our own Grammar and Punctuation Policies which outline in detail what is to be taught in each year group. These policies can be found on our website.


Oracy is the art of being able to speak clearly and fluently with an increasing command of Standard English (correct grammar and punctuation). Children will be taught to listen attentively to both adults and their peers, ask relevant questions, justify their opinions, give well structured descriptions and explanations and be able to perform orally to an audience. Oracy will pervade all areas of the curriculum.

All staff will model good English and will actively encourage the children to do so.

Please see the appendices for details of spelling, grammar and punctuation to be taught in each year group.



The mathematics curriculum comprises 3 sections, number (counting, place value, addition, the 4 mathematical rules of subtraction, multiplication and division, fractions and measures); geometry (properties of shape, position and direction) and statistics (data handling). The content and coverage for each year group is laid out in detail in the National Curriculum Documentation.

At St. George’s we have high expectations of all children. In mathematics we aim to ensure that all children become fluent in the fundamentals of mathematics so that they develop a good understanding of mathematical concepts and are able to recall and apply their knowledge rapidly and accurately; that they are able to use this knowledge to reason, justify, argue or prove mathematical statements using the correct vocabulary and are able to solve problems by breaking them down into a series of simpler steps.

Please see the appendices for detailed coverage of each year group and for St George’s Calculation Progress Policy, which details the progression and strategies used for the teaching of the addition, subtraction, multiplication and division across school.


The National Curriculum requirements for science are statutory. The curriculum content and coverage for each key stage is laid out in detail. The curriculum content has been subdivided into the three specific disciplines of science, Biology, Chemistry and Physics with the main emphasis for the Primary Curriculum being on Biology.

At St George’s the teaching of science will be based on key knowledge and concepts. Children will develop a good understanding of the nature, processes and methods of scientific enquiry. They will be taught to understand the uses and implications of science today and in the future; to use technical terminology and specific vocabulary  in both written and oral presentation and to apply mathematical skills to science.


Key stage 1

The focus on Key Stage 1 science is for children to experience and observe natural and manmade phenomena around them and pose their own questions.

Most of their learning will be carried out through first hand practical experiences within the local environment, using simple equipment and measures.

Year 1 will be taught about plants (name and identify common plants, deciduous and evergreen trees, basic structure of a flower/tree); animals (name and identify fish, birds, reptiles, amphibians and mammals, carnivores, herbivores and omnivores); materials (understand a material and something made from it, identify every day materials and  group them according to their properties) and  seasons (changes in the 4 seasons, associated weather and length of day)


Year 2 will be taught about plants (growing seeds and bulbs and conditions for growth); animals (humans conditions for growth, exercise, food, hygiene); habitats (micro habitats, sorting/classification ( dead/alive), simple food chains) and  materials (properties and  everyday use, changing shape).


Lower Key stage 2

The focus in Lower Key Stage 2 is for the children to broaden their view of the scientific world around them; to ask relevant questions and try to find appropriate  answers, to predict outcomes and to use more formal methods of enquiry and recording, using new technologies as well as secondary sources.


Year 3 will be taught about plants (functions of parts of plants,  conditions for growth, transportation of water in plants, life cycles of plants); humans (nutrition, muscles, skeletons); rocks( group on basis of appearance and physical properties, how fossils are formed, make up of soils); light ( the need to see, dark is absence of light, reflection, dangers of direct sunlight, shadows are blockage of light, patterns in size of shadows) and magnets ( as a force, can act at a distance, repulsion and attraction, attraction to materials, poles and their effect of repulsion and attraction).


Year 4 will be taught about classification (use classification keys, changing environments and dangers to living things);teeth, digestion (types of teeth and function, function of digestive system); food chains (producers , predators and prey)change of state (classify materials according to whether solids, liquids, gases, changes to do with heating/cooling, evaporation and the water cycle); sound (vibration, how sound travels, pitch, volume, effect of distance) and electricity  (use to power appliances, simple circuit, components, closed /open circuits, conductors and insulators).


Upper Key stage 2

The focus in Upper key Stage 2 is to develop a deeper understanding of a wide range of scientific ideas; to understand how the world works and to use a wide range of secondary sources.

Year 5 will study the work of Naturalists like Davis Attenborough and Jane Goodall; life cycles and reproduction  (mammals, amphibians, insect, bird, plants); puberty and human life cyclesmaterials (group materials  based on properties(transparency, conductivity), dissolving/solutions/separation, evaporation, filtration, reversible changes); explore scientist, the impact and  contributions that they have made on the world (Spencer Silver-Postits, Ruth Benerito- wrinkle free Cotton); earth and space  (movement of planets/and earth in relation to sunmovement of moon in relation to earth, rotation of earth, night and day (Ptolemy, Alhazan and Coppernicus) and Forces ( gravity, friction, water resistance, levers, pulleys and gears, Galileo Galilei, Isaac Newton)

Year 6 will be taught about classification  (based on characteristics); branching keys(Carl Linneaus); humans (circulatory system, diet, exercise ,drugs, transportation of nutrients and water); evolution (fossils, genetics adaptation –evolution,  palaeontologists Mary Anning, Charles Darwin, Alfred Wallace); light  (travels in straight lines, is reflected in/out of eye, sources of light, shadows) and electricity (relation of brightness/volume to the voltage of the batteries, open/closed circuits, use of electrical symbols).


The Learning Curriculum Challenge

We will be delivering history, geography and science through The Learning Curriculum Challenge. This approach requires greater learner involvement, and higher order thinking skills. To stimulate and motivate learning, each area of study starts with a “WOW” factor. This could be a visit, drama, story or video. Learning always begins with a question to stimulate curiosity and challenge learning. An initial assessment of the children’s knowledge and understanding allows the teacher to plan a series of lessons to enhance and develop knowledge and understanding. Final assessment challenges the children to apply the knowledge and skills they have learned to present their learning to an audience.


The National Curriculum requirements for history are statutory. The curriculum content and coverage for each key stage is laid out in detail.

The purpose of teaching history is to give children a coherent knowledge and understanding of Britain’s past and that of the wider world. We aim to instil in children a knowledge and understand of the history of Britain from the earliest times to the present day; to appreciate how individual people have shaped this nation and how Britain has influenced and been influenced by the wider world; to know and understand significant aspects of the wider world; the history of ancient civilizations including the rise and fall of past non European societies. We aim to develop the children’s understanding of the historical concepts of continuity and change, cause and effect, similarity and difference, evidence and bias.

KS1 content

The children in key stage 1 will learn about changes within living memory relate to national life e.g Royal wedding; National and global events which happened beyond living memory (e.g. The Great Fire of London, Great plague, WW1 Poppy’s, Titanic); the lives of famous individuals who have contributed to national/international achievements (e.g. Christopher Columbus, Lowry, Mary Seacole, Martin Luther King,  Nelson Mandela, Neil Armstrong, Alexander Fleming) and significant events, people and places in their own locality (e.g. Lowry, John Rylands, Robert Peel, Styal Mill, Bridgewater Canal)

KS2 content

The children in Key Stage 2 will learn about changes in Britain from the Stone Age to Iron Age; the Roman Empire and its impact on Britain; the settlement of Britain by the Anglo Saxons and Scots; the struggle between the Vikings and the Anglo Saxons for dominance in England pre 1066. They will also undertake a historical study of the local area.

The study of British history extends beyond 1066 where children will study a particular aspect or theme that extends over a period of time (e.g. crime and punishment, leisure and entertainment, industrial revolution, Railways, Battle of Britain, Henry VIII and reformation, the Norman Conquest, the execution of Charles 1 or Hitler’s invasion of Poland).

The children will also learn about the achievements and the rise and decline of one of the earliest civilizations (e.g. the Ancient Sumer civilization, the Indus Valley, Ancient Egypt, the Shang Dynasty of Ancient China or Ancient Greece).

The final area of study is of a non European society around 900AD (the Early Islamic civilization, Baghdad, the Mayan civilization or the Benin civilization of West Africa).

It is up to each school to choose the exact content that they will be delivering each year. To find out what your child will be learning this year in history, please see the appendices.


The National Curriculum requirements for geography are statutory; the curriculum content and coverage for each key stage is laid out in detail.

The purpose of Geography is to teach children the knowledge of different, peoples, places, resources, natural and human environments and an understanding of the earth’s key physical and human processes. It should deepen their understanding of the formation and use of landscapes and environments.


The children in key stage 1 will focus on acquiring knowledge. They will learn to about hot and cold places in the world and seasonal and daily weather patterns in the UK. They will look at aerial photographs and record their learning by making plans, simple maps and basic keys. They will make a study of their local environment, using simple observational and field work skills.

They will be taught to name, locate and identify the characteristics of the 4 countries of UK and know their capital cities; locate and name the 5 oceans and 7 continents of the world; compare and contrast, similarities and difference in physical and human geography between an area of the UK and non European place; use key vocabulary, simple compass directions and learn to use maps, atlas and globes to identify places..


The children in Key Stage 2 will extend their knowledge and understanding of the world to include to Europe, North and South America, and learn about some of the world’s most significant natural and human features.

They will learn to locate the world’s countries on atlases and globes, especially countries in Europe, N and S America including cities, and key physical and environmental features. At home they will learn to locate and name the counties and cities of the UK, hills, mountains, rivers and how land use changes over time. They will learn about hemispheres, tropics, meridians and time zones.

They will compare and contrast similarities and differences between an area of the UK and a region in Europe and North or South America major. Children will extend their knowledge and understanding of the major physical features on our planet including rivers, mountains, volcanoes, earthquakes, the water cycle, vegetation belts and climate. They will learn about why people settle in certain places, land use, trade routes and the distribution of natural resources. In Upper Key Stage 2 children will learn how to use OS maps, compasses and digital computer mapping.

To find out exactly what your child will be learning in geography next year please see the appendices.

Foundation subjects

In order to provide an exciting, enriched and challenging curriculum for all children we endeavour to incorporate the skills of art, design technology, music, dance and P.E. into the science, history and geography planning. Skills which do not naturally align themselves to particular subjects will be taught discretely. The skills and content knowledge for each subject area are laid out in Keys Stages in the National Curriculum.



Children will learn to use a range of materials for design and make projects; experience a range of drawing, painting and sculpture techniques, incorporating colour, pattern, texture, line, form and space and will study the work of a range of artists and designers.


The children will learn to develop and refine all the skills and techniques above; record first hand observations in a sketch book and learn to revisit and refine their own work. They will study the work of a range of artists and designers and different art styles from the past.

Design Technology

The skills of design technology will be taught in the context of designing and making products for a purpose to solve real life problems. One of the principles aims of the design technology curriculum is that children understand the principles of good nutrition and learn how to cook. Food technology will be taught across both key stages. The skills and content coverage for design technology are laid out in the National Curriculum.


Key Stage 1 children will learn the basic skills of cutting, shaping, joining and finishing, to design and make a product and they will start to develop the basic skills of evaluating their work. They will be taught the basic principles of nutrition, where food comes from and how to cook simple food.


Children in key Stage 2 will be taught to design for a purpose using annotated sketches and diagrams and to develop theuse of a wide range of tools and equipment, materials and components. Children will develop the skills of evaluation and study how previous inventions and products have shaped today’s world. Over the course of KS2 they will develop the technical knowledge to be able to reinforce structures, use mechanical and electrical systems and use ICT to program, monitor and control. The children will develop their knowledge of nutrition, cooking techniques and learn about the seasonality of certain foods.


At St. Paul’s we aim to deliver high quality physical education to all our children to support physical fitness and promote health. We encourage all children to engage in healthy lifestyles; to choose from a wide variety of sporting activities; to strive to improve their personal performance and to engage in a range of competitive sports.


 In Key Stage 1 children will learn the basic movements of running, jumping throwing and catching to extend their agility, balance and coordination. They will play team games and develop the basic skills of attack and defence. The children will learn to sequence simple movement patterns in dance.


The children will further develop and refine the skills learned in Key Stage 1 to enable them to take part in competitive games. In gymnastics, athletics and dance they will develop flexibility, strength, balance and control. All children must be able to confidently swim 25m, using a range of strokes, by the end of Key Stage 2.

Please check the appendices to see what your child will be covering this year in P.E

Attach year group P.E skills documents

Modern Foreign languages

The teaching of a modern foreign language is statutory in Key Stage 2. At St George’s the children will be learning French. The focus is on practical communication through speaking, listening, reading and writing. We will be covering the MFL curriculum with the aid of an on line program, which will be delivered in 20 minute slots on a regular basis.


Today the vast majority children are confident users of information technology. The computer has become a regular part of the class room toolbox and children are confident in using it for research and to publish their work. Although this will remain the focus is now on computing or computer science. Children will be taught the principles of information technology, computing, how digital systems work, programming, creating programs and systems and e safety.


The content of the music curriculum is statutory and is laid down in the national curriculum.


Music in Key Stage 1 consists of singing chants and rhymes; playing percussion instruments; listening to live and recorded music and creating their own music.


Musical skills are developed in Key Stage 2 to include playing and performing using voices and instruments; composing; using musical notation; listening to live and recorded music from a range of traditions, composers and musicians and developing an understanding of the history of music.

Please note -School can arrange for children to receive individual instrumental lessons through the School Music Service. Please note however, that this is a private arrangement and there will be a charge for this service.


The teaching of R.E. is statutory. At St George’s we follow the Salford Diocesan Syllabus. R.E is the teaching of religion. It covers the 6 main world religion, Christianity, Judaism, Hinduism, Islam, Sikhism and Buddhism. Christianity is taught in all year groups. The other world faiths have been designated to individual year groups.

Parents do have the right to withdraw their child from religious education but must speak first to the Headteacher to discuss this matter.

To find out what your child will be learning this year in R.E., please see the appendices.


St George's C.E. Primary School

Concord Place, Salford, M6 6SJ

Tel: 0161 921 1660

Executive Headteacher: Mrs J Tyers

Contact: Mrs T Kehoe or Mrs K Worsley